Keto Diet and Cancer


Keto Diet and Cancer have turned into a serious disease in our modern society. While cancer was not a large factor before the 20th century (it did exist, of course), our modern diet and sedentary lifestyle have made cancer the second primary cause of death, with 1600 Americans dying from this disease every day. It appears that our bodies do not react well to being exposed to daily toxins.

While any cancer treatment must be guided by your physician, it is a good idea to discuss the keto diet and what it can do to help in the treatment of this disease.

A cancer-specific keto diet may consist of as much as 90 percent fat. There is a very good reason for that. What doctors do know is that cancer cells feed off carbohydrates and sugar. This is what helps them grow and multiply in number.

As we have seen, the keto diet dramatically reduces our carbohydrate and sugar consumption as our metabolism is altered. What the keto diet does, in essence, is remove the “food” on which cancer cells feed and starves them. The result is that cancer cells may die, multiply at a slower rate, or decrease. 

Another reason why a keto diet is able to slow down the growth of cancer cells is that by reducing calories, cancer cells have less energy to develop and grow in the first place. Insulin also helps cells grow. Since the keto diet lowers insulin level, it slows down the growth of tumorous cells.

When on the keto diet, the body produces ketones. While the body is fueled by ketones, cancerous cells are not. Therefore, a state of ketosis may help reduce the size and growth of cancer cells.

One study monitored the growth of tumors in patients suffering from cancer of the digestive tract. Of those patients who received a high carbohydrate diet, tumors showed a 32.2 percent in growth. Patients on a keto diet showed a 24.3 percent growth in their tumor. The difference is quite significant.

Another study involved five patients who combined chemotherapy with a keto diet. Three of these patients went into remission. Two patients saw a progression of the disease when they went off the keto diet.

More studies are needed, but these numbers are encouraging.

The keto diet may help prevent cancer from occurring in diabetic patients in the first place. People with diabetes have a higher risk level to develop cancer due to elevated blood sugar levels. Since the ketogenic diet is extremely effective at decreasing the levels of blood sugar, it may prevent the initial onset of cancer.

From what research has discovered so far, the ketogenic diet may:

  • Stop the growth of cancer cells.
  • Help replace cancerous cells with healthy cells.
  • Change the body’s metabolism and enable the body to “starve” cancer cells by depriving them of needed nutrition. 
  • By lowering the body’s insulin level, the ketogenic body may prevent the onset of cancer cells.

On a ketogenic diet specifically for cancer, your fats should be 75 to 90 percent, protein 15-20 percent, and less than 5 percent carbohydrates.

Foods to Eat

  • Egg, including yolks
  • All green, leafy vegetables, as well as cauliflower, avocado, mushrooms, peppers, cucumbers, and tomatoes.
  • When choosing dairy, opt for a full-fat version of cheeses, butter, sour cream, yogurt, and milk.
  • Eat nuts such as walnuts, almonds, filberts, and sunflower and pumpkin seeds.

Foods to Eat in Moderation

  • Have one serving of root vegetables, such as yams, parsnip, carrots, and turnips per day.
  • Fruits contain sugar, so treat them like candy. One small piece per day.
  • A glass of dry wine, vodka, whiskey, and brandy once a week. No cocktails with sugars. 
  • A small piece of chocolate with 75 percent or higher cocoa content once a week.

Foods to Avoid

  • Any food containing sugar, including cereals; soft drinks, juices, and sports drinks, candies, and chocolate. Limit artificial sweeteners as much as possible.
  • Starchy food such as pasta and potatoes, bread, potato chips, and french fries, cooking oils, and margarine.
  • All beers.

8 keto diet benefits​ (Keto Works)

I would like to share the 8 keto diet benefits that have taken many followers to a successful weight loss journey.

Although the ketogenic diet is popularly known as a ‘rapid fat loss diet’, it is actually more to this than meets the eye. In fact, weight loss and higher levels of energy are only by-products of the keto diet, a kind of bonus. It has been scientifically proven that the keto diet has many additional medical benefits. 

Let’s begin by stating that a high carbohydrate diet, with its many processed ingredients and sugars, has absolutely no health benefits. These are merely empty calories, and most processed foods ultimately serve only to rob your body of the nutrients it needs to remain healthy. Here is a list of actual benefits for lowering your carbohydrates and eating fats that convert to energy:

Control of Blood Sugar

Keeping blood sugar at a low level is critical to manage and prevent diabetes. The keto diet has been proven to be extremely effective in preventing diabetes.

Many people suffering from diabetes are also overweight. That makes an easy weight-loss regime a natural. But the keto diet does more. Carbohydrates get converted to sugar, which for diabetics can result in a sugar spike. A diet low in carbohydrates prevents these spikes and allows more control over blood sugar levels. 

Mental Focus

The keto diet is based on protein, fats, and low carbohydrates. As we’ve discussed, this forces fat to become the primary source of energy. This is not the normal western diet, which can be quite deficient in nutrients, particularly fatty acids, which are needed for proper brain function.

When people suffer from cognitive diseases, such as Alzheimer’s, the brain isn’t using enough glucose, thus becomes lacking in energy, and the brain has difficulty functioning at a high level. The keto diet provides an additional energy source for the brain. 

A study by the American Diabetes Association found that Type 1 diabetics improved their brain function after consuming coconut oil.

That same study indicated that people who suffer from Alzheimer’s may experience improved memory capacity on a keto diet. Those with Alzheimer’s have seen improved memory scores that might correlate with the amount of ketones levels present.

What does this study mean to an average person? With the emphasis on fatty acids, such as omega 3 and omega 6 found in seafood, the keto diet is likely to fuel the brain with the additional nutrients to help achieve a healthier mental state. The brain tissue is made up largely of fatty acids (you’ve heard fish referred to as “brain food”), and the increased consumption of those fatty acids will logically lead to improved brain health.

Our body does not produce fatty acids on its own; we can only obtain it through our diet. And the keto diet is rich in fatty acids. 

A diet high in carbohydrates can lead to a “foggy” brain, where you have difficulty in focusing. Focusing becomes easier with the increased energy provided by the keto diet. In fact, many people who have no need or desire to lose weight use the keto diet to improve and enhance brain functions.

Increased Energy

It’s not unusual, and has become almost normal, to feel tired and drained at the end of the day as a result of a poor, carbohydrate-laden diet. Fat is a more efficient source of energy, leaving you feeling more vitalized than you would on a “sugar” rush. 


While most of the benefits of a keto diet are well-documented, one benefit catches some people by surprise: better skin and less acne. Acne is fairly common. Ninety percent of teens suffer from it, and many adults do, as well. 

While it was always thought that acne was at least exacerbated by poor diet, controlled research is still being conducted. However, many people on the keto diet have reported clearer skin. There may be a logical reason. A 1972 study found that high levels of insulin can cause the eruption of acne. Since a keto diet keeps insulin at a low and healthy level, it may very well affect skin health. 

In addition, acne thrives on inflammation. The ketogenic diet eases and reduces inflammation, thus enabling the body to decrease acne eruptions. Fatty acids, which are found in abundance in fish, are a known anti-inflammatory. 

While research is still being done, it seems likely that a keto diet has beneficial effects for clearer, healthier, more glowing skin. 

Keto and Anti-Aging

Many diseases are a natural result of the aging process. While there have not been studies done on humans, studies on mice have shown brain cell improvement on a keto diet.

Several studies have shown a positive effect of the keto diet on patients with Alzheimer’s disease. What we do know is that a diet filled with good nutrients and antioxidants, low in sugar, high in protein and healthy fats, while low in carbohydrates, enhances our overall health. It protects us from the toxins of a poor diet.

There is also research indicating that using fatty acids for fuel instead of sugar may slow down the aging process, possibly because of the negative effects that sugar has on our overall wellbeing.

In addition, the simple act of eating less and consuming fewer calories is a matter of basic health, as it prevents obesity and its inherent side effects.

So far, studies have been limited. However, considering the powerful positive effects of the ketogenic diet on our health, it is logical to assume this diet will help us grow older in a more natural way while delaying the natural effect of aging. A normal western diet laden with sugars and processed foods is certainly detrimental to warding off the signs of aging.

Keto and Hunger

One of the major reasons diets fail is hunger. People who diet feel hungry and deprived and simply give up. A low carbohydrate diet naturally leaves people feeling full and satisfied. Less hungry means people will actually remain on the diet longer while consuming fewer calories. 

Keto and Eyesight 

Diabetics are aware that high blood sugar can lead to a higher risk of developing cataracts. Since the keto diet controls sugar levels, it can help retain eyesight and help prevent cataracts. This has been proven in several studies involving diabetic patients.

Keto and Autism

We know the keto diet affects brain functions. In a study on autism, it was found that it also has a positive effect on autism. Thirty autistic children were placed on the keto diet. All showed improved in autistic behavior, especially those on the milder autistic spectrum. While more studies are needed, the results were extremely positive.


Conclusion: With the listed benefits you will find more that pleases you other than weight loss in the keto diet. Get started today! If you need more information and can not find it within our website please leave a comment. 

Catch up on this article if you missed it.

What is the Keto diet?

what is the keto diet?


The keto diet is a low or zero carbohydrate diet, but it differs from other low-carb diets (such as Paleo) in that it deliberately manipulates the ratios of carbs, fats, and protein to switch fat into the body’s primary source of fuel. Our bodies are used to using carbohydrates as fuel. Fats, which is a secondary source of fuel, are rarely tapped on. That means the extra fat is stored and keeps adding on the pounds.

The only ways to reduce fat in a ‘normal’ diet are to consume less fat and workout a lot in order to increase energy expenditure over daily calories intake, which is why most people fail to lose weight on a conventional diet.

On the other hand, the ketogenic diet uses fat for fuel, which means it gets used instead of being stored. So, weight loss becomes easy. In addition to weight loss, the ketogenic diet is known as the “healing” diet. The lack of sugar intake has been proven to help and prevent many diseases such as heart disease, high blood pressure, cancers, epilepsy, and many symptoms of aging.

The manipulation of carbs, fats, and protein is crucial in order to get into ketosis. It’s a state when the body, deprived of the usual carbohydrates and sugar, is forced to use fat as its primary fuel. So the ratio of fats and protein are significantly higher than carbs in general.

Of course, consuming fewer carbs also means lowering the amount of insulin in your body. Less insulin; Less glucose and fat storage. That is why the keto diet has been so successful in helping people with diabetes. It adjusts the sugar level naturally.

The ratio of carbs, fat, and protein can vary. Many people allow themselves up to 50 grams of carbohydrates a day and still lose weight. On a stricter regime, the carb intake can be between 15 and 20 grams daily. The fewer carbs, the quicker the weight loss, but the diet is very flexible.

On the keto diet, you don’t count calories. You count carbohydrates and adjust the intake of carbs vs. fat and protein. A typical keto diet will get 60 percent of its calories from fat, 15 to 25 percent of calories from protein, and 25 percent of calories from carbohydrates. The only limitation on the diet is sugar, which you need to avoid.

The ketogenic diet is not a fad. Many scientific studies have shown the benefits and healing effects of ketosis. Discuss the ketogenic diet with your doctor if you are interested in consuming less sugar, losing weight, or as preventive measures against vulnerable health problems.


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Learn how the scale may not tell you  the whole story on

Keto and not losing Weight?

Keto and not losing Weight?
The scale will not always tell you the truth about your fat lose.


Keto and not losing Weight? Why are we doing Keto? To lose weight, Well most of us think the only indicator of successfully measuring weight loss is the bathroom scale.

During my Keto Journey, I have found that this is a big mistake. I cannot count the number of times the discouragement of the scale not moving has made me question the keto process. 

Along with all the other conditioning, we have become accustomed to like fat is bad and carbs are good. We have been conditioned to believe that the scale is the measure of fat loose. 

During this post, we will talk about why the scale is not the only or best measure of our body fat loss success.

Keto Scale drop then Stop

That first week was fantastic we started changing the way we ate, 20g of carbs, protein, and fat. Most see a rapid loss of weight! This is great! It is what went through my mind that first couple of weeks seeing the scale number lower and lower on a daily bases. I have now learned this weight loss is to do with water being flushed from our bodies from the reduced carbohydrates intake.

For every gram of glycogen (from carbs) stored in the body, it has 3 grams of water. So it only makes sense that if you trade the carbs for fat, there goes the water with those carbs. Presto weight drops. Once we lose the initial water weight that scale stops dropping as fast as it started. This is a completely normal situation. 

Your body will start to adjust to the new eating protocol, usually after two weeks or so. Glycogen stores will refill, some even report weight gain. This weight gain doesn’t mean you are increasing your body fat! We need to understand that the scale will fluctuate up and down.  To save your sanity and keep you on the straight and narrow do not become a victim of the daily scale check. We have to think of the journey as exactly that, a journey. We didn’t get the body we want to change overnight so, not much chance of changing it to the body we want in that time period either. 

Weight loss is not a linear line. It will look more like a bad stock market graph. I hope to show you that just because the scale doesn’t go down doesn’t mean you are not closing in on your keto journey goals.

The Scale and why it may not be accurate

Body weight is influenced by so many factors well beyond body fat. Just because the scale hasn’t move certainly doesn’t mean you are not closer to your fat loss goals.

The Factors that may be stopping the scales downward trend but not showing you the true result in of your journey.

  • Keto and Muscle growth

    During this fat adapted period may people report an increase in energy. I went back to the gym. Going back to the gym after a long time off will result in quick muscle growth and muscle is heavy. But we all know that more muscle means a faster metabolism and more calorie burnt at rest resulting in fat loss.

 (Fat down, muscle mass up = scale stays the same).

  • Keto and Increased bone density

    Like the muscle growth when you increase your physical exercise and eat healthy foods you will increase the density of your bones. This increase in density will have an increase in body weight. Body weight up on the scale but overall body fat decrease and scale stay the same. Giving you Keto and not losing Weight but you are losing body fat.

(Fat down, bone density up = scale stays the same).

  • Keto and Increases muscle size

    Exercised muscles will increase in size and strength and that increase will cause the muscles to hold more water and glycogen. This increase causes an increase in body weight and a decrease in body fat in the same way as muscle growth does. This shows a stall on the scale but friends and family will only see the new sleek shape you are creating with all your hard work.

(Fat down, increased muscle size = scale stays the same).

  • Keto and Water retention.

   The Keto beginner guide shows us to increase water intake (stay hydrated) to reduce the chance of felling the results of the Keto flew. Two liters of water will increase your weight on a scale by around four pounds.

(Fat down, water retention = scale stays the same).

  • Carbohydrates cause water retention. If you had a cheat meal or some uncounted carbs found their way into your meals that day, you may hold more water. This is an increase on the scale for sure.        Click here to read about Keto and hydration.

       (Fat down, Carb induced water retention = scale stays the same).

  • Hormonal changes. This will cause the body to hold water. 

(Fat down, Hormonal change = scale stays the same).

  • The scale itself. The trust bathroom scale is not so trusty. No cheaper scale (the one in our bathroom) are not very accurate. Differences in floor temperature, flatness, and even cleanliness will change the reading.

(Fat down, scale error = scale stays the same).

  • Haven’t had a poop. Keto has been reported to cause constipation, so you may have food in your system that hasn’t been released as wasted yet. This not body fat weight but will show the same number on a scale. 

(Fat down, No poop = scale stays the same).

Keto and not losing Weight? The Wrap-up!

Repeat after me, “The scale will not dictate my success. The love of the process will.” The scale is such a one-directional measurement. It will not and cannot tell you about your progress or body composition. (What body fat percentage is, how much muscle you have, what your bone density is and how much water you are retaining). These are the things that really matter. Determining your success through other more direct methods like are your clothes fitting better, a number of compliments from friends and family, the level of energy you have at the end of the day, a clear mind are the measures of success you need. One that moves you in the direction of your weight loss goals not distract you will the feeling of failure or hard work wasted. 

Keto is a process that if followed will result in a successful goal weight. Not overnight, not in a linear line but slowly and at a steady pace. This is why it is a journey, not a race.  SO if the scale indicates you are Keto and not losing Weight know this you may still be losing body fat. That is the true success we are looking for. 


Another great article with some other great info (click here)

Keto Stall May not be a bad thing!

Keto Stall when you stop losing weight, this may not mean you are not losing body fat.


Are you feeling like you have given the keto diet everything? But you aren’t seeing the result you think you should?  this could be a Keto Stall, The question is are you in a keto stall from lack weight loss or lack fat lose? One is not helping our long term goal (fat loss) the other (weight loss) may be just the scale not being the best measure of progress for us.

Start by reading a past blog post “You are following all the rules” (Rules) if you are following the rules, you will not be in a keto stall due to lack of fat loss. This is a very good thing. Now let us look at why we may not be seeing the weight loss.

1. Not sleeping enough.

Sleep is very crucial to your weight loss goal. If we don’t sleep enough, it causes the body to be stressed. Stress will reduce your metabolism and result in the body to hold on to stored fat as a survival mechanism.  Being tired, mentally we are more likely to pick a latte over a keto friendly coffee for a pick me up. Or worse yet picking fast food (loaded with carbs) dinner over a health fat rich dinner because we are too tired to cook. Our goal should be seven to nine hours of sleep each night, this time is not wasted, and it is when the body is busy re-building and burning fat.

2. Intake of fat is too low may put you in a Keto stall.

The Keto diet is not just a low-carb diet, its high fat 75% of your daily calories eaten come from healthy fats, 20% from protein, and 5% from carbs. Fat is a filling food type so eating the right amounts will control cravings experienced on normal low cal diets. This gives us the ability to stay in ketosis to maximize fat burning. Not enough calories and the body will hold all calorie taken in. It is a survival response that the body will not have enough energy to survive. How crazy smart this body of ours is?

3. Intake of too much protein may cause a keto stall. 

Even though protein is very important macronutrients that most of us don’t get enough of it. Protein can give you the feeling of fullness and can increase fat burning even more than carbs or fat.

If we speak generally of how proteins work in the body it should lead to weight loss and improve how our body looks. (Ask anyone that was successful on the straight low carb diet).

But we must remember when we limit other macronutrients on the most part we add another one. So reduced carbs and increased proteins, the end result is too much protein. In the chance that you eat too much protein (more than the body needs) some of its amino acids will convert into glucose. This is a process in the body called gluconeogenesis (protein turns to sugars).

The negative result for the keto dieter is this glucose created by the over intake of protein will block our goal of full nutritional ketosis. 

As we know from our earlier post- we need a well-balanced low-carb and high fat with moderate protein intake to successful reaching ketosis.

A good rule of thumb is 0.7 – 0.9 grams of protein per body pound of weight. (1.5-2.0 grams per Kg).

4. Consuming too many total calories.

I am sure you like me have heard people say that on the keto diet you can eat as much as you like as long as it is fat. This idea is total misleading (this would be great). Again as we posted in our intake of healthy fats will be the largest amount of our intake (75% of our calories), but if you eat more calories than your body can burn there is no place for food energy to go, so the body stores it as fat. This leaves us in a caloric surplus and ultimately fatter no matter where those calories came from. The average adult needs about 2000 calories a day, but lots of factors can change this number like gender, height and amount of daily activity. A good macro calculator will help in finding your best intake amount of calories to meet your ultimate goal.

5. Not drinking enough water

Water is maybe the most important thing we put in our bodies. It is a major factor in all things that the body does like burning body fat. Not drinking enough water (at least 64 ounces per day) it can slow your metabolism and put a stop to weight loss. Drinking the correct amount of water each day will improve nutrient circulation, flush out toxins and burn fat. This is even more critical on the keto diet because as we reduce carbs, the body sheds water normal held by the number of carbs that are eaten. (Look for a future post on the why this is happens coming in June).

6. Not replenishing your electrolytes.

A common complaint of the keto beginner is flu-like symptoms this is known to the keto community as the keto flu. This phenomenon is due to two main reasons. 

1. You reduce the amount of carb intake and your body isn’t ready to burn fat as fuel yet so your brain runs low on glucose. Effect of this is nausea, headaches, and grogginess.

2. You become dehydrated, this is caused by the reduction of carbs in our body decreases the amount of water retention the body needed. Your body will handle this by increasing the number of times you need to urinate. A positive side effect of this is fast initial weight loss. The negative effect is the loss of electrolytes, resulting in muscle cramping, constipation/diarrhea. 

The keto flu other than being uncomfortable is a great sign you are entering ketosis. To reduce the uncomfortable side effects of the keto flue is to increase your water intake and balance the electrolyte in your system. You can do this by drinking broth or pickle juice adding salt to your meals or take an electrolyte supplement. This will add a mixture of sodium, potassium, and magnesium back into your body. 

7. Eating too much dairy.

Dairy is a pro-inflammatory and can block some people from losing weight. The next problem with dairy we mentioned above in the too much protein section. Cheese in a combination food having fat, protein, and carbs. So using cheese as the staple keto snack food will increase your protein intake. This can stop your weight loss. I would suggest 1-2 ounces of cheese per meal. 

8. Eating too many keto sweets.

Early in learning about how to live the keto lifestyle, we are taught that you reduce carb intake (Net-Carb) is one of the two keys to Keto. This is music to the beginner’s ears because we get more carbs to eat. If you have not heard about Net Carbs here is the breakdown. Look at the nutrition label on the food. Find the number grams of Carbs, fiber and if the item has sugar alcohol. Once you know that use those numbers and the calculation below.

Net carbs = Total carbs – Fiber – Sugar Alcohols

This is the number of carbs the food item has in our daily macro calculation.

So net carbs help up the carb count we may have. This could have a large impact on our caloric intake for the day. Think about eating your favorite keto acceptable sweet treat, the carb count is low because of the sugar substitutes (Sugar alcohols) but the calorie count is high so you will reach your daily total very quickly not giving you the feeling of being full from the healthy fats and proteins. This along with the fact that if you eat excess keto sweets it may increase the craving for carbs, cravings, and hungry = bad decisions. 

9. Snacking too much.

One of the best parts of the keto diet other than great weight loss (reduced body fat) is the great snack food we get to eat. What other diet lets you eat nuts, seeds, cheese, and high fat cream as between meal snacks. Even though this is great, like eating the sweet keto snack items, calorie count climbs quickly. Snacking between meals should be limited to times when you are super hungry and can’t make it till your next meal. This will give your body the change to burn stored fat and not run off the fat being eaten that day. (Not being in a caloric defecate, can cause a keto stall in weight loss)

10. Eating hidden carbs without realizing it.

We have learned to limit our carb intake but they can hide in many foods even if we think they are low carb options. Be very careful of the condiment, sauces, vegetables and salad dressing you choose. Tomato sauce, ketchup, and creamy dressings are all culprits of hidden carbs

To be successful we need to check the labels of all the new foods we try. Take a quick glance at the label can change you from moving closer to your goal on a weekly basis or not moving at all wondering why your weight will not change. 


If you have hit a Keto stall and have confirmed all the items above are in line. I would suggest seeing a doctor confirm there is no underlying health issue in the way of your goal. I have been in your shoes and stalling is frustrating, but remember we didn’t get in the shape we didn’t like overnight so getting out of it will take time as well. Stay positive, learn to love the process and stick with it. I promise you if keto is done correctly it is one of the most effective weight loss protocols known. 

If you’ve ruled out all of the above but your weight still isn’t budging, we recommend seeing a doctor to rule out health issues that may be preventing weight loss. While this can be frustrating, stay positive, stick with it, and play the long game. Done correctly, the keto diet is one of the most effective ways to lose weight.


For daily meal ideas see @brentbowserketo on Instagram

Hydration when on Keto Top 5!

Top 5 Thing you need to know about hydration when on Keto
Cold clean water, nothing better on a hot day or Keto

Now that we have learned how to Get enough fat, We know the rules of keto it is time to learn how to enjoy the time in Ketosis. We need solid hydration when on Keto plan. 


Dehydration is the cause of all kinds of impairments like memory, reasoning and cognitive function, this can cause fatigue and make you feel like Shite. Some research has suggested that while on keto you may have increased risk of developing kidney stones. This the result of not getting enough water. Along with water you need to get enough electrolytes, if you fail in this area you can have problems like muscle cramps/spasms, headaches and the worst as far as I am concerned constipation (this is a for certain if you lack magnesium. 

Living the keto lifestyle really changes the way your body process water and electrolytes (sodium, potassium, and magnesium). Luck for us we will learn how it all works and can make adjustments to our diet to reduce the change of these side effects. 


  1. Dehydration is a side effect of ketogenic diets

When on Keto. your body excretes more salt (we will talk about this in more detail below). When your body doesn’t have salt we have a tough time retaining water. At the beginning of your Keto journey, your body produces ketone bodies which are dehydration. In short, when living the Keto lifestyle you need to drink more water to reduce/eliminate this side effect. 

There is an opposite side to this, drinking water liter after liter till you are over-hydrated and have an electrolyte imbalance. The goal isn’t to have as much water in your body that is can physically hold. It is to have as much as it needs.

So how much do we need? A great measure is the color of your urine. I know gross (looking at your urine) but light yellow urine is an optimal sign of hydration when on Keto. 

Note: if you are supplementing B vitamins or a multivitamin at the point your body can not absorb the supplement it will turn your urine bright yellow. 


2. Fluid balance 

Electrolytes (e.g sodium, potassium, and magnesium) are the key. to fluid balance and maybe as important as water. 

Most people can buy into supplementing or eating potassium and magnesium-rich foods but struggle with the notion that sodium/salt is not a bad thing. We have been taught this is bad because the normal North American diet is on salt filled meal after another. Much like why we have been taught that fat is bad because it was delivered in sugar. We can not live without salt, the lack of salt can be very dangerous. We can become weak, get muscle cramping and feel fatigued. 

On Keto, we have already eliminated most of the ultra-salty processed foods that add to the normal North American diet. Plus Keto lifers excrete more salt then non-Keto followers. Our goal is to maintain low levels of insulin. When this level is maintained the body flushes out sodium. 

The result of all this is Keto lifestyle followers need to be aware of electrolyte levels, mostly salt. You can get great benefits from increasing these items to increase the level of salt in your body

3. Best Hydration when on Keto supplement is mineral water.

Other then the price Mineral water is great. Even if you can only have it on occasion. It is a tremendous source of magnesium and calcium. The magnesium will help with cramping and the calcium is great for Keto’rs that are dairy free. 

Tap water does have some minerals, generally less than mineral water. Tap water is not equal in all areas so has more minerals than others. Become luck of the draw. That being said people often add a reverse osmosis filtration system and this stirps our minerals. Keep a close eye on what you are drinking if you choose not to have mineral water. 

4. Cheat meals on Keto cause water weight changes

We all see that huge weight loss in the first few days of strict keto living. This is one of the reasons we get so into this lifestyle at the beginning (immediate results). Unfortunately, this doesn’t last for long. 

The reason is straight forward, your when you eat carbs your body stores water. Rule of thumb is 3-4 time water is stored to carbs. So 1 gram of carbs is equal to 3-4 grams of water. So work that out to your body size and that could be multiple pounds. Ultimately this means when you go keto and burn off all the stored carbs there is no reason for the water. So be ready for multiple trips to the washroom! and the scale to drop. 

On Keto, you have been doing all these things that seem wrong like eating fat and adding salt to everything. Well, they are essential to our success and health. Even adding salt to our food is most likely less than the average North America diet. Water will cause water retention and less salt means less water retention. 


5.  Sparkling water, Tea and Coffee are all good way to hydrate.

Research shows that drinking things other than plain water is just good. Caffeinated drinks are equally as good in reasonable amounts.

Studies have been done that show people use to drinking coffee and tea are just as hydrated as drinking water alone. 

We don’t limit our hydration to just things that come from a bottle or cup. We get a great source of hydration when on Keto from really “juicy” veggies like cucumbers. Think about what a cucumber looks like if you leave it on the counter for the day. 

If you don’t like the taste of water, then don’t be afraid to hydrate with some or all the other methods we have spoken about here today. (Sparkling water, tea, coffee (within reason) and vegetables, just remember to kill your keto success by adding sugar to any of them. 


To sum this all up, 

Drink lots of water -Urin is light yellow

Salt your food, drink bone broth

Mineral water is a gold mine

Coffee, tea, and vegetables are just as helpful! (as long as you have not added sugar)


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The Keto Rules for a Seccessful​​​ Journey

Today I would like to discuss the Keto rules for a successful journey!

I know we have so many rules, how much fat, how many carbs but this is more about how do we keep ourselves accountable. So let’s call this self-accountability help.


I believe we need 5 Rules

  1. Discuss your progress
  2. Find recipes that satisfy your cravings
  3. Track your progress
  4. Know your Why
  5. Love the process

A detailed look at each of the Keto rules for a successful journey.

Find Recipes that satisfy your cravings.

Try different Keto friendly foods, sauces, veggies or dips till you find one that satisfies your craving. I crave salt over sweat so Pork Rinds with baba ganoush dip is my goto. My wife it sweats so mug cake does the trick for her. Check in with that facebook group or Instagram following to see what is out there for you to try.


Track your progress

Use a phone app to document what you ate. How it matched up to your macro goals. This gives you the ability to go back and find what is working for you and what is not. I have added the breathalyzer to this rule (as seen in post Let me show you a better way to measure if you are in Ketosis!) With the breathalyzer I can confirm that the meal didn’t affect my blood sugar or reduce my level of ketone production by hidden carbs. If the number goes down adjust the next meal. My point to this rule is information is power.


Know Your Why.

This is exactly what it sounds like. Why are you on this journey. Do you want to lose weight? Do you want to be more healthy? Once you know the “why”, it is much easier to make deals with yourself when that little voice is asking for a large fries or a pizza. You can say to yourself, “my why is more important to me (if true) then what the little voice is selling. Let me tell you, my little voice is a great salesperson but I am not buying and that tells me that my “why” is solid and true. 


Love the Process

You need to make this Keto journey a lifestyle. Learn to love food choices. My kids wouldn’t eat sushi (Keto friendly) but if we moved to Japan they would learn very quickly. Use the power of your “why” to learn to love the keto friendly food choices. You master that and you no longer on a diet you are just eating! Learn to love prepping food on the weekend (do it with a friend or loved one). My wife and I get quality time talking about our weeks while cutting veggies or cooking meals for the week. I look forward to our time together and this time to talk with her and the weekly food prep gets done in no time. 



One of a set of explicit or understood regulations or principles governing conduct within a particular activity or sphere.


You are the Ruler, Govern your daily activity to achieve your goals. What you do today will ultimately move towards success in the future. 




Are you In Ketosis? How to Measure.

Are you In Ketosis? How to Measure.
This is how I measure level of Ketosis I am in daily

Are you In Ketosis?

Are you In Ketosis? We need to measure our progress. Not our weight or pant size but are you in Ketosis? There are currently three methods of measuring, peeing on a stick (yuck), Blood, pricking your finger and dabbing it on a very expensive strip of paper. Then put it into a very expensive machine (ouch)! And breath, using a very cheap and easy to get breathalyzer (Fun).   
I have found measuring give me a better handle on how my body reacts to different carb loads, how much wiggle room I have to stay in nutritional ketosis.  I like testing for Ketosis, it gives me confidence that I am reaching and staying in a nutritional state of ketosis.

The First Method (peeing on a Stick) Are you in Ketosis?

Many start this keto journey by peeing on a stick. In the first two weeks-Feeling excited and proud to see it turn deep purple. But as your body gets more efficient in a few weeks, your body will be more efficient and fat adapted. This will drastically reduce the number of ketones wasted in your pee. This change of efficiency makes the pee test less effective.

How I Measure (this will help you)

You can drop a hundred or so on a Ketonix breath meter (reviews are not great for a product with a price tag like it has). 
Or you can buy a cheap blood alcohol detector on Amazon (click here to order unit pictured above
It works really well to detect breathe acetone levels witch track fairly close to BHBs in the blood. The breathalyzer needs to be the cheap version that cannot detect the difference between alcohol and acetone. Please don’t worry you will not get a DUI if you are in Ketosis, Police breathalyzer do not detect acetone only alcohol.

Jonathan Savage of did a BHOB blood test correlation to Ketonix and cheap breathalyzers; he concluded that cheap breathalyzers actually correlate better to blood levels than Ketonix.   I am exceedingly grateful to the super serious experimenters like him that have done cheap breathalyzer correlations and have generously shared the results.)

Measure regularly between 0.02%-0.04% BAC which would be mild nutritional ketosis correlating to 0.7mM to 1.0mM range according to this spreadsheet and also brown fat’s chart. 0.5 to 3.0 mM. is the official definition of nutritional ketosis.

The Conversion Cart (Are you in Ketosis)

0.01 BAC% = 0.26 ppm = ketonix 28 : blue:
0.02 BAC% = 0.52 ppm = ketonix 40 : blue just shy of green:
0.03 BAC% = 0.78 ppm = ketonix 47 : marginally green:
0.04 BAC% = 1.04 ppm = ketonix 50 : green:
0.05 BAC% = 1.30 ppm = ketonix 53 : green

The forums indicate anywhere between 0.01% to 0.05% BAC is decent ketosis.
 I agonized even over carb levels in healthy vegetables and wouldn’t eat garlic, onion, or shallots. I would cut up a tiny celebratory shallot on the weekend. I think the strictness in the first 2 months did help my body transition into fat adaptation a little bit quicker but that kind of miserly living going forward would have driven me to failure.

Now I  measure my breath once in the morning and a few more times during the day.  Eating normally healthy but higher carb vegetables like onions show little or no impact on my numbers so  I can push my carby veggie further. 
Please follow me on Instagram @brentbowserketo and you will find daily images of foods I choose to eat with before and after BAC% values to show the impact of each meal on my level of ketosis.

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Discussions about Cheap Breathalyzers:


The Best and Worst Fats to Eat

This lifestyle is built on consuming  65% of the daily macros from fat. So many newbies think that they should eat any fatty food as long as they don’t contain carbohydrates. 

But the truth is, not all fats are created equal.
The truth is, as we talked about in the how to get enough fat is that all fats are not created equally. 

In fact, many fats used in restaurants, fast food chains, and in processed foods at the food market contain unhealthy fats that can do more harm than good to your health. 

So we have created a very useful list you can refer to when you are shopping for the health Keto-friendly fatty meals.

In this Keto Beginners Series, you’ll learn everything you need to know the difference between good fats and bad fats.

The Good Fats to Eat on Keto are!

These few types of fats should make up the majority of your calories on keto. 

We are looking for healthy fat sources that include saturated fats, monounsaturated fats (MUFAs), and some polyunsaturated fats (PUFAs).

We must stick to food that contains the fat mentioned above it is the best way to be successful living in the Keto lifestyle. 

Monounsaturated fats have been shown to improve insulin sensitivity, decrease the risk of heart disease, and even lower blood pressure.

Polyunsaturated fats should be consumed with a little more caution. Some PUFAs, such as Omega-3 fatty acids, are vital to brain health and should be part of any healthy diet. However, when PUFAs such as vegetable oil is heated or oxidized, they can form harmful compounds such as free radicals, which have been shown to increase inflammation in the body. This means you should never use PUFAs for cooking, and these fats should always be eaten cold, and never eaten if at all rancid. 

But what about saturated fats? Aren’t they unhealthy? We have been told they are our whole lives.

Studies have Change the Way we think about Saturated fats.

For decades we were been taught that saturated fats — from foods like red meat — were bad for our health. But new research suggests the complete opposite. 

Saturated fats may actually be good for us and come with tons of benefits. These may include:

Improved good to bad cholesterol ratio (HDL to LDL)
Healthier immune system functioning
Increased bone density
Improved hormone regulation
Improved “good” cholesterol levels
The Best Fats To Consume Are?

Here is a list of our recommended, healthy fat sources to eat in large amounts on keto:

Sources of healthy saturated fats include:

Coconut oil or MCTs (medium chain triglycerides)
Grass-fed butter
Fatty cuts of red meat like NY strip steak, porterhouse, and t-bone
Palm oil
Sources of healthy monounsaturated fats (MUFAs) include:

Bacon with no nitrates
Olive oil
Avocado oil
Macadamia nuts
Fatty fish
Chia seeds
Healthy polyunsaturated fats (PUFAs) include:

Extra virgin olive oil
Avocado and avocado oil
Sunflower seeds
Fish such as salmon, tuna, mackerel, and trout
Note: Naturally-occurring trans fats including grass-fed animal foods and grass-fed dairy products like butter are perfectly fine to consume.

Now the Fats To Avoid!

Now that you understand the good fats to consume, let ’s go over fat sources you should avoid.

Unhealthy fat sources to avoid include processed trans fats and vegetable oils. 

Trans fats are typically used as a cheap substitute for natural, shelf-stable saturated fats. This means you must be very careful when purchasing packaged foods that may contain processed trans fats. Additionally, many restaurants will use processed trans fats to fry their foods, so try to be extremely cautious when you’re going out to eat.

Vegetable oils contain large amounts of omega-6 fatty acids, which when not balanced with sufficient omega-3s, can result in negative health effects, such as inflammation. 

Avoid these unhealthy fat sources:

Corn oil
Canola oil
Grapeseed oil
Peanut oil
Rapeseed oil
Safflower oil
Soybean oil
Sunflower oil
Vegetable shortening
Stick to Natural Fatty Sources at the Right Ratio

Now that you understand the difference between good fats and bad fats on keto, you can make much better decisions when it comes to planning out your meals for the week. 

As long as you stick to the natural fat sources listed above, you’ll start experiencing the benefits of ketosis without the potentially negative effects of unhealthy fats.


5 Best Ways To Get Enough Fat On Keto

I bet you have a tough time getting your head around how to get the correct amount of fat on this new Keto diet?

New or old to this diet the consumption of healthy fats should be top on the list of your daily goals. 

Now that you are tracking your macros you may be finding it difficult to get enough fat. Well, here are 5 great way to solve that problem.

In this Keto Beginners Series, we’ve come up with a great list of my favorite ways to get more fats into your keto diet plan!

You Need The Correct amount of Fats to Truly Adapt to the Ketogenic Diet

High fat intake is the primary objective for getting your body to become keto-adapted. When you first start the ketogenic diet, you’ll need to replace the calories that previously came from carbs with healthy fat sources. As you start the Keto diet we need to replace the calories that came from cabs with healthy fats. 

For many people, getting the increased amounts of fat can be difficult, as it may take some time for your taste buds to get used to the change to high-fat foods. But remember, eating enough fat will help you avoid hunger during this phase of the diet.

How Power up Fat Intake on Keto

As promised here are the 5 best way to increase your fat intake:

#1. Turn Hot Beverages into Full-Fat Drinks deliciousness!

 “bulletproof coffee” 

Adding a healthy source of fat into a hot beverage is a great way to increase your fat intake.

The most popular version — known as bulletproof coffee — involves adding a tablespoon of coconut or MCT oil, a tablespoon of grass-fed butter, and stevia. Then, blend it all together to create a  keto-friendly coffee!

You can also do this with green tea, matcha tea, yerba mate, or even sugar-free hot chocolate. Make sure to add a fat source such as MCT oil or powder, coconut oil, cocoa butter, ghee, coconut oil, or grass-fed butter.

This is a great way to start you’re morning: Great source of healthy fat in a quick and easy. 

#2. Use Full-Fat Ingredients (no fat-free for us)

Forget about getting any foods that are “low-fat” or “fat-free”. These food products usually use sugar rather than fat and that is all bad for your ketogenic lifestyle. 

No nonfat yogurt for us it is full-fat yogurt all the way, and start adding fatty food sources into your grocery list, like as heavy cream, sour cream, and avocados.

#3. Add Fats to All Your Veggies

It’s too common for beginners to avoid eating veggies on keto because they’re afraid they’ll go over their daily carb intake. If you stay with to low-carb vegetable options and adding a fat source, it is a great way to ensure that you maintain a solid keto macro ratio.

Here are a few low-carb veggies to choose from:

Brussels sprouts
Then, you can add a healthy fat source such as:

Grass-fed butter
Extra virgin olive oil or avocado oil
Unrefined coconut oil
Macadamia nut oil
Full-fat salad dressings (blue cheese is my go to)
Don’t be afraid to add some low-carb flavorings to your keto veggie meal, such as jalapenos, apple cider vinegar, coconut aminos, ginger, garlic, cilantro, and coconut aminos.

#4. Fat Bombs!

This is a tasty craving killing option. Not only do the task like cheating they up your healthy fat intake for the day.

The general guidelines for creating fat bombs is to:

Add a base of fats, including coconut oil, grass-fed butter, ghee, cacao butter, nut butter, or coconut cream, then include some flavor such as cacao powder, vanilla extract, cayenne, or cinnamon
Follow this up with a zero-calorie sweetener or protein powder
Mix them together and store it in the freezer to have a readily available ketogenic-friendly snack whenever those cravings creep up on you!
#5. Stick to Fatty Cuts of Red Meat

A large part of your ketogenic diet should come from fatty cuts of meat. Instead of eating skinless chicken breast or turkey slices — which contain very little amounts of fat — consume fatty meats, including:

NY Strip Steak
Salmon and other fatty fish
Grass-fed beef
Nitrate-free bacon
Nitrate-free sausage
Nitrate-free chorizo
Chicken thighs
T-bone Steak
Don’t be afraid to cook these in butter. Fattier cuts of meat will help you maintain the proper ketogenic macronutrient ratio ensure essential fat-soluble vitamins and minerals are a part of your diet.

Note: Try to stay away from processed meats such as pepperoni, salami, and other canned or lunch meats, as they often contain nitrates, which should be avoided. Nitrate-free versions are generally fine.

So we have taken the problem of not getting enough fat and give you 5 great to get what you need. 

Find your go-to meals that satisfy the macro’s needed and to crush any cravings you may come up against. If you need a snack to have fat bombs on hand. If it is salty, I use baba ganoush. There is a keto recipe for every craving and taste.